Default on a loan: What to do?


#1

Due to various reasons, many people can’t meet the demand of a loan, can’t pay their payments of the loan on time and it is a common problem now days. What steps can we take that time

Are there any other steps, which are missing here?


#2

Hi Sanjay,

There are many steps that you can take in case you have defaulted on a loan. Some of them are:

 Rescheduling your debt: After having analysed your financial position, if the bank feels that the quantum of the EMI is what is troubling you, they may be willing to reschedule your debt by extending the loan tenure. That will bring down the monthly EMI commitment, though it will mean more interest outgo in the long-term. However, you should consider the immediate relief it can bring to your current situation. When the tide turns and you are facing better times you can try negotiating with your bank and revert to your old or higher EMI or even prepay your loan. Closing your loan early can help to save excessive interest outgo as long as the bank doesn’t levy a heavy prepayment penalty.

 Deferring the payment: If your financial situation is such that there is likely to be a jump in cash flow going forward because of a change in job or any other reason, you may seek temporary relief from the bank for a few months. The bank may permit the same but may charge a penalty for not paying within the time frame agreed upon earlier.

 One-time settlement: If you express your desire to pay back and notify the bank about your current financial condition, banks may be willing to give you the option of a one-time settlement. Please note that this will be done on a case-to-case basis. This is a good way to get rid of your loan if you have some money. Usually the settlement amount lower than the original amount you would have had to pay. i.e. the bank may waive off some amount or charges. If your financial situation is really bad, then you may need to file for bankruptcy to free yourself from the loan commitment.
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Since loan defaults can affect your Credit Score, it is best to ensure timely payment of your loans or at least settle things with the bank as soon as possible.

Looking for a Personal Loan? Click here.

Cheers,
BB Expert


#3

Hi Sanjay,

Here are some steps that you can take for settling your loan.

 One-time settlement: If you express your desire to pay back and notify the bank about your current financial condition, banks may be willing to give you the option of a one-time settlement. Please note that this will be done on a case-to-case basis. This is a good way to get rid of your loan if you have some money. Usually the settlement amount is lower than the original amount you would have had to pay. i.e. the bank may waive off some amount or charges. If your financial situation is really bad, then you may need to file for bankruptcy to free yourself from the loan commitment.
 Conversion of the loan in case of unsecured loans: Banks tend to be stricter as far as unsecured loans are concerned. The borrower could opt for converting the unsecured loan to a secured one by offering a security. This will bring down the rate of interest and thus the EMI burden.

In case your loan is a secured loan and the lender is looking to repossess the asset, note that the SARFAESI act gives the customer the right to appeal against the action of repossession taken by the bank in the Debt Recovery Tribunal u/s 17 within 45 days from the date when the action was taken. If the DRT passes an order against the borrower, then an appeal can be filed before the Appellate Tribunal within 30 days of receiving it. If it is held in the appeal that the possession of the asset taken by the secured creditor was wrongful, the Tribunal or the Appellate Tribunal may direct its return to the borrower, along with appropriate compensation and cost.

Looking for a Personal Loan? Click here.

Cheers,
BB Expert